Paver installation is obviously our specialty. And as you might guess from our name, we take it very seriously. It’s easy for a paver installer to scrimp here and cut corners there to try to save a few bucks. But sadly, the homeowner will always pay for poor quality in the long run. That’s why we make the extra effort to make sure all our projects are handled professionally, as described in the following 10 step process.
PavePro’s Paver Installation Procedures
Step 1 Planning
We will begin with a level measure and if no blueprints or plans are available our design team will draw a diagram of the area you want to pave taking note of any existing structures such as buildings, fences and other paved areas.
Step 2 Preparation
Our crews will paint or stake out an area approximately 12′ larger than the area to be paved. The prints will be reviewed with our customer and we will discuss any obstacles that we may encounter on the project.
Step 3 Excavating
We will excavate excess and unstable subgrade material and clear the area where pavers will be laid. Typically where there is pedestrian traffic, 4′-6′ of compacted base will be placed unless otherwise directed by a Site Engineer, Architect or Landscape Architect. To achieve this we will excavate 7′-9′ to allow for base material, sand and pavers. Where there will be vehicular traffic or around pools a base of 6′-8′ of compacted base is recommended. To achieve this we will excavate 9′-11′ deep
Step 4 Installing the Base
We will then compact either 1 1/2″ or 3/8″ minus base material with a plate compactor where we excavated. In small areas a hand tamper may be sufficient. The base material will then be dampened with water to help with the compaction process. Next, we will continue to add base in layers until the base is at the desired level of the finished grade. Our experienced crews will make sure to slope the surface for water drainage.
Step 5 Installing the Restraints
Edge restraints should always be used to prevent the pavers from separating or spreading. Concrete restraints are recommended because we have found that they are more sturdy and very durable and will avoid your paving stones from spreading over time. Other types of edge restraints are also effective to hold the pavers tightly together.
Step 6 Screening the Bedding Sand
Before we lay the pavers, a bed of sand must be prepared. We screed 1″ of sand, making sure that the sand is smooth and level in the area to be paved. If low spots are encountered we fill the voids with sand and repeat the process until all areas of the surface are even.
Step 7 Layering Pavers
Starting in a 90° corner, we begin by laying the pavers in the pattern you have chosen. We will work outwards keeping all joint lines straight using string lines pulled along joint lines and or chalk lines snapped on the surface of the sand bed to keep the joint lines straight. Periodically we will check the alignment of the rows by stringing a line along the front edge of the leading row. Next, we will cut the pavers to fit along the edge of the paved surface if required.
Step 8 Cutting Pavers
If cutting is required, our trained employees will measure and mark the pavers on the perimeter edges to be cut. We use a diamond blade saw to the cut pavers. If possible we will keep the edge stones to a mininimum of one half a paver.
Step 9 Compacting & Setting
We will start the compacting and setting process by sweeping the surface to remove any debris. We will then spread fine sand over the surface, sweeping it into the joints leaving surplus sand on the pavers. Next we tamp the pavers down using a plate compactor. The excess sand on the pavers will cushion the surface and the vibration will assist in filling the joints. Our skilled personnel will make two or three passes at 90° to each other and re-sweep the surface.
Step 10 Finishing
Finally our skilled personnel will sweep the remaining excess sand over the surface filling the joints using a gardening hose and or a broom making sure that all voids left in joints of the pavers are filled.